Philip A. Lutgendorf, Ph.D.

Professor Emeritus
Biography

Philip Lutgendorf taught Hindi and Modern Indian Studies in the Department of Asian and Slavic Languages and Literature for 33 years, retiring in 2018. His book on the performance of the Hindi Ramayana, The Life of a Text (University of California Press, 1991) won the A. K. Coomaraswamy Prize of the Association for Asian Studies. He received a Guggenheim Fellowship in 2002-03 for his research on the popular Hindu deity Hanuman, which appeared as Hanuman’s Tale, The Messages of a Divine Monkey (Oxford University Press, 2007). His interests include epic performance traditions, folklore and popular culture, and mass media.  He created a website devoted to Indian popular cinema, a.k.a. “Bollywood” (http://www.uiowa.edu/indiancinema/ ). His research on the cultural history of tea drinking in India was supported by a Fulbright-Hays Senior Overseas Research Fellowship (2010-11). He is presently translating the Ramcharitmanas of Tulsidas as The Epic of Ram, in seven dual-language volumes, for the Murty Classical Library of India/Harvard University Press (http://www.murtylibrary.com/volumes.php ). He served as President of the American Institute of Indian Studies from 2010-2018, and continues serving as Chair of its Board of Trustees (http://www.indiastudies.org/ ).

Courses Developed and Taught

  • First, Second, and Third Year Hindi
  • Individual Hindi for Advanced Students
  • Readings in the Ramcaritmanas
  • Alternative Universes (Hindu Mythology)
  • Asian Humanities: India
  • Indian Mystical Literature in Translation
  • Indian Theatre
  • The Ramayana as Literature, Performance, and Ideology
  • The Mahabharata as Literature, Performance, and Ideology
  • Topics in Asian Cinema: Indian Film [visit website, "Philip's Fil-ums"]
  • Goddesses in India

Publications

  • 2007, Hanuman's Tale: The Messages of a Divine Monkey. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • 2005, "Monkeys." In Lindsay Jones (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Religion, Second Edition, vol. 9 pp. 6150-53. Detroit: Thomson Gale (Macmillan Reference USA).
  • 2005, "Who Wants to be a Goddess? Jai Santoshi Maa Revisited." Chakra (journal of Indian religions, Lund University, Sweden) 3, 72-112 (revised reprint of "A Superhit Goddess," 2002).
  • 2004, "Hanuman's Adventures Underground: The Narrative Logic of a Ramayana 'Interpolation'." In Mandakranta Bose (ed.) The Ramayana Revisited. New York: Oxford University Press. Pp. 149-63.
  • 2004, "(Too?) Many Ramayanas." Journal of Vaisnava Studies, 12.2, 201-211.
  • 2003, "Jai Santoshi Maa Revisited: On Seeing a Hindu 'Mythological' Film." In S. Brent Plate (ed.), Representing Religion in World Cinema: Mythmaking, Culture Making, Filmmaking . New York : Palgrave/St Martins . Pp. 19-42.
  • 2003, "Five Heads and No Tale: Hanuman and the Popularization of Tantra." In International Journal of Hindu Studies 5, 3:269-296 (dated 2001, but copyright 2003)
  • 2003, Entries on "Hanuman" (280-81). "Manas katha" (375-76), "Rama" (508), "Ramayana, T.V. Production" (511-512), and "Vyas" (631-32), in Peter J. Claus and Margaret A. Mills (eds.), South Asian Folklore: An Encyclopedia. New York and London: Routledge.
  • 2003, "Medieval Devotional Traditions: An Annotated Survey of Recent Scholarship," in Arvind Sharma (ed.), The Study of Hinduism. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press. Pp. 200-260.
  • 2002, "A Superhit Goddess/A Made-to-Satisfaction Goddess: Jai Santoshi Maa Revisited." Manushi, a Journal About Women and Society, 131:10-16, 24-37.
  • 2002, "Evolving a Monkey: Hanuman, Poster Art, and Postcolonial Anxiety." In Contributions to Indian Sociology, Vol. 36:1,2. Pp. 71-112. Also published in Sumathi Ramaswamy, ed., Beyond Appearances? Visual Practices and Ideologies in Modern India. New Delhi: Thousand Oaks; London: Sage Publications (2003). Pp. 71-112.
  • 2001, "From the Ramcaritmanas of Tulsidas, Book Five: Sundar Kand." (Reprint of 1994 translation, with new introduction.) Indian Literature, vol. XLV, no. 3: 143-181.
  • 2000, "Tulsidas." Article in Olive Classe (ed.), Encyclopedia of Literary Translation into English, 2 vols. London: Fitzroy Dearborn, vol. 2:1428-29.
  • 2000, "City, Forest, and Cosmos: Ecological Perspectives from the Sanskrit Epics," in Christopher Key Chapple and Mary Evelyn Tucker (eds.), Hinduism and Ecology. Harvard University Press.
  • 2000, "Dining Out at Lake Pampa: The Shabari Episode in Multiple Ramayanas," in Paula Richman (ed.), Questioning Ramayanas. Oxford University Press.
  • 1999, "Like Mother, Like Son: Sita and Hanuman." Manushi: a Journal about Women and Society, No. 114, 22-35.
  • 1997, "Monkey in the Middle: the Status of Hanuman in Popular Hinduism." Religion, 27, 311-332.
  • 1997, "Imagining Ayodhya: Utopia and its Shadows in a Hindu Landscape." International Journal of Hindu Studies, 1:1, 19-54.
  • 1997, Ramcaritmanas Word Index/Manas shabda anukramanika. by Winand M. Callewaert and Philip Lutgendorf, Delhi: Manohar. 336 pp. (a concordance to the Hindi epic).
  • 1996, "Ramcaritmanas." In Ian P. McGreal (ed.), Great Literature of the Eastern World, 235-38. New York: Harper Collins.
  • 1995, "All in the (Raghu) Family." In Lawrence A. Babb and Susan S. Wadley (eds.), Media and the Transformation of Religions in South Asia, 217-53. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press; and in Robert C. Allen (ed.), To Be Continued....Soap Operas Around the World, 321-53. London: Routledge. (revised version of 1990 "Ramayan: The Video")
  • 1995, "Interpreting Ramraj: Reflections on the Ramayan, Bhakti, and Hindu Nationalism," in David Lorenzen (ed.), Bhakti Religion in North India: Community Identity and Political Action, 253-87. Albany: State University of New York Press.
  • 1995, "Ramcaritmanas: From Book Five. The Beautiful Book." (translation). In Maynard Mack (gen. ed.), The Norton Anthology of World Masterpieces. (Expanded Edition), Vol. 1, 2316-32. New York: W. W. Norton and Co.
  • 1994, "Banking on the Name." Journal of Vaisnava Studies, 2:2, 147-62.
  • 1994, The Life of a Text: Performing the Ramcaritmanas of Tulsidas (Indian edition). Delhi: Oxford University Press (for reviews, see below, 1991).
  • 1994, "My Hanuman Is Bigger than Yours." History of Religions 33:3, 211-45.
  • 1994, "Sundar kand" (complete translation). Journal of Vaisnava Studies 2:4, 91-127.
  • 1994, "The Quest for the Legendary Tulsidas." In Winand M. Callewaert and Rupert Snell (eds.), According to Tradition: Hagiographical Writing in India, 65-85. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz. (Expanded version of 1993 "The Quest")
  • 1993, "The Quest for the Legendary Tulsidas." Journal of Vaisnava Studies 1:2, 79-101. Also appeared as "La Busqueda del Tulsidas Legendario." Estudios de Asia y Africa 81 (Journal of El Colegio de Mexico), Vol. 25:1, 8-29. (Spanish translation by Mariela Alvarez)
  • 1992, "The 'Great Sacrifice' of Ramayana Recitation," in Monika Thiel-Horstmann (ed.), Ramayana and Ramayanas, 185-205. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz.
  • 1992, "The Secret Life of Ramchandra of Ayodhya." In Paula Richman (ed.), Many Ramayanas: The Diversity of a Narrative Tradition in South Asia, 217-34. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
  • 1992, "Storysellers: Patrons and Performers in Contemporary North India." In Paul Greenough (ed.), Redefining the 'Artisan': Traditional Technicians in Changing Societies, 59-83. The University of Iowa: Center for International and Comparative Studies, Occasional Paper Nos. 9-18.
  • 1991, The Life of a Text: Performing the Ramcaritmanas of Tulsidas. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. (469 pp.)
    Reviews: American Ethnologist 21:4, Anthropological Quarterly 66:2, Asian Folklore Studies (Nagoya) 52:2, The Book Review (New Delhi) 19:8, Estudios de Asia y Africa (Mexico City) 27:2, Folklore Bulletin 10:1, Journal of the American Academy of Religion 60:4, Journal of Asian and African Studies (London) 28:3-4, Journal of Asian Studies 54:2, Religious Studies Review 18:4, Semiotica 98:3/4.
  • 1991, "Words Made Flesh: The Banaras Ramlila as Epic Commentary," in Joyce Burkhalter-Flueckiger and Laurie Sears (eds.), Boundaries of the Text: Epic Performances in South and Southeast Asia, 83-104. University of Michigan: Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies.
  • 1990, "The Power of Sacred Story: Ramayana Recitation in Contemporary North India," in Barbara A. Holdrege (ed.), Ritual and Power, a special issue of the Journal of Ritual Studies 4:1, 115-47.
  • 1990, "Ramayan: The Video." TDR (The Drama Review: A Journal of Performance Studies) 34:2 (T126), 127-76.
  • 1989, "Ram's Story in Shiva's City: Public Arenas and Private Patronage," in Sandria Freitag (ed.), Culture and Power in Banaras: Community, Performance and Environment, 1800-1980, 34-61. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
  • 1989, "The View from the Ghats: Traditional Exegesis of a Hindu Epic." Journal of Asian Studies 48, 272-88.
Research areas
  • Hindi
Philip A Lutgendorf
Ph.D. in South Asian Languages and Civilizations, with distinction, University of Chicago, 1987
Address

667 Phillips Hall (PH)
Iowa City, IA 52242
United States