Philip A. Lutgendorf

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667 PH


  • Ph.D., 1987, University of Chicago, South Asian Languages and Civilizations, with distinction. Dissertation: "The Life of a Text: Tulsidas' Ramcaritmanas in Performance"

Courses Developed and Taught:

  • First, Second, and Third Year Hindi
  • Individual Hindi for Advanced Students
  • Readings in the Ramcaritmanas
  • Alternative Universes (Hindu Mythology)
  • Asian Humanities: India
  • Indian Mystical Literature in Translation
  • Indian Theatre
  • The Ramayana as Literature, Performance, and Ideology
  • The Mahabharata as Literature, Performance, and Ideology
  • Topics in Asian Cinema: Indian Film [visit website, "Philip's Fil-ums"]
  • Goddesses in India

Hanuman's Tale


  • 2007 Hanuman's Tale: The Messages of a Divine Monkey. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • 2005 "Monkeys." In Lindsay Jones (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Religion, Second Edition, vol. 9 pp. 6150-53. Detroit: Thomson Gale (Macmillan Reference USA).
  • 2005 "Who Wants to be a Goddess? Jai Santoshi Maa Revisited." Chakra (journal of Indian religions, Lund University, Sweden) 3, 72-112 (revised reprint of "A Superhit Goddess," 2002).
  • 2004 "Hanuman's Adventures Underground: The Narrative Logic of a Ramayana 'Interpolation'." In Mandakranta Bose (ed.) The Ramayana Revisited. New York: Oxford University Press. Pp. 149-63.
  • 2004 "(Too?) Many Ramayanas." Journal of Vaisnava Studies, 12.2, 201-211.
  • 2003 "Jai Santoshi Maa Revisited: On Seeing a Hindu 'Mythological' Film." In S. Brent Plate (ed.), Representing Religion in World Cinema: Mythmaking, Culture Making, Filmmaking . New York : Palgrave/St Martins . Pp. 19-42.
  • 2003 "Five Heads and No Tale: Hanuman and the Popularization of Tantra." In International Journal of Hindu Studies 5, 3:269-296 (dated 2001, but copyright 2003)
  • 2003 Entries on "Hanuman" (280-81). "Manas katha" (375-76), "Rama" (508), "Ramayana, T.V. Production" (511-512), and "Vyas" (631-32), in Peter J. Claus and Margaret A. Mills (eds.), South Asian Folklore: An Encyclopedia. New York and London: Routledge.
  • 2003 "Medieval Devotional Traditions: An Annotated Survey of Recent Scholarship," in Arvind Sharma (ed.), The Study of Hinduism. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press. Pp. 200-260.
  • 2002 "A Superhit Goddess/A Made-to-Satisfaction Goddess: Jai Santoshi Maa Revisited." Manushi, a Journal About Women and Society, 131:10-16, 24-37.
  • 2002 "Evolving a Monkey: Hanuman, Poster Art, and Postcolonial Anxiety." In Contributions to Indian Sociology, Vol. 36:1,2. Pp. 71-112. Also published in Sumathi Ramaswamy, ed., Beyond Appearances? Visual Practices and Ideologies in Modern India. New Delhi: Thousand Oaks; London: Sage Publications (2003). Pp. 71-112.
  • 2001. "From the Ramcaritmanas of Tulsidas, Book Five: Sundar Kand." (Reprint of 1994 translation, with new introduction.) Indian Literature, vol. XLV, no. 3: 143-181.
  • 2000 "Tulsidas." Article in Olive Classe (ed.), Encyclopedia of Literary Translation into English, 2 vols. London: Fitzroy Dearborn, vol. 2:1428-29.
  • 2000. "City, Forest, and Cosmos: Ecological Perspectives from the Sanskrit Epics," in Christopher Key Chapple and Mary Evelyn Tucker (eds.), Hinduism and Ecology. Harvard University Press.
  • 2000. "Dining Out at Lake Pampa: The Shabari Episode in Multiple Ramayanas," in Paula Richman (ed.), Questioning Ramayanas. Oxford University Press.
  • 1999. "Like Mother, Like Son: Sita and Hanuman." Manushi: a Journal about Women and Society, No. 114, 22-35.
  • 1997. "Monkey in the Middle: the Status of Hanuman in Popular Hinduism." Religion, 27, 311-332.
  • 1997. "Imagining Ayodhya: Utopia and its Shadows in a Hindu Landscape." International Journal of Hindu Studies, 1:1, 19-54.
  • 1997. Ramcaritmanas Word Index/Manas shabda anukramanika. by Winand M. Callewaert and Philip Lutgendorf, Delhi: Manohar. 336 pp. (a concordance to the Hindi epic).
  • 1996. "Ramcaritmanas." In Ian P. McGreal (ed.), Great Literature of the Eastern World, 235-38. New York: Harper Collins.
  • 1995. "All in the (Raghu) Family." In Lawrence A. Babb and Susan S. Wadley (eds.), Media and the Transformation of Religions in South Asia, 217-53. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press; and in Robert C. Allen (ed.), To Be Continued....Soap Operas Around the World, 321-53. London: Routledge. (revised version of 1990 "Ramayan: The Video")
  • 1995. "Interpreting Ramraj: Reflections on the Ramayan, Bhakti, and Hindu Nationalism," in David Lorenzen (ed.), Bhakti Religion in North India: Community Identity and Political Action, 253-87. Albany: State University of New York Press.
  • 1995. "Ramcaritmanas: From Book Five. The Beautiful Book." (translation). In Maynard Mack (gen. ed.), The Norton Anthology of World Masterpieces. (Expanded Edition), Vol. 1, 2316-32. New York: W. W. Norton and Co.
  • 1994. "Banking on the Name." Journal of Vaisnava Studies, 2:2, 147-62.
  • 1994. The Life of a Text: Performing the Ramcaritmanas of Tulsidas (Indian edition). Delhi: Oxford University Press (for reviews, see below, 1991).
  • 1994. "My Hanuman Is Bigger than Yours." History of Religions 33:3, 211-45.
  • 1994. "Sundar kand" (complete translation). Journal of Vaisnava Studies 2:4, 91-127.
  • 1994. "The Quest for the Legendary Tulsidas." In Winand M. Callewaert and Rupert Snell (eds.), According to Tradition: Hagiographical Writing in India, 65-85. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz. (Expanded version of 1993 "The Quest")
  • 1993. "The Quest for the Legendary Tulsidas." Journal of Vaisnava Studies 1:2, 79-101. Also appeared as "La Busqueda del Tulsidas Legendario." Estudios de Asia y Africa 81 (Journal of El Colegio de Mexico), Vol. 25:1, 8-29. (Spanish translation by Mariela Alvarez)
  • 1992. "The 'Great Sacrifice' of Ramayana Recitation," in Monika Thiel-Horstmann (ed.), Ramayana and Ramayanas, 185-205. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz.
  • 1992. "The Secret Life of Ramchandra of Ayodhya." In Paula Richman (ed.), Many Ramayanas: The Diversity of a Narrative Tradition in South Asia, 217-34. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
  • 1992. "Storysellers: Patrons and Performers in Contemporary North India." In Paul Greenough (ed.), Redefining the 'Artisan': Traditional Technicians in Changing Societies, 59-83. The University of Iowa: Center for International and Comparative Studies, Occasional Paper Nos. 9-18.
  • 1991. The Life of a Text: Performing the Ramcaritmanas of Tulsidas. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. (469 pp.)
    Reviews: American Ethnologist 21:4, Anthropological Quarterly 66:2, Asian Folklore Studies (Nagoya) 52:2, The Book Review (New Delhi) 19:8, Estudios de Asia y Africa (Mexico City) 27:2, Folklore Bulletin 10:1, Journal of the American Academy of Religion 60:4, Journal of Asian and African Studies (London) 28:3-4, Journal of Asian Studies 54:2, Religious Studies Review 18:4, Semiotica 98:3/4.
  • 1991. "Words Made Flesh: The Banaras Ramlila as Epic Commentary," in Joyce Burkhalter-Flueckiger and Laurie Sears (eds.), Boundaries of the Text: Epic Performances in South and Southeast Asia, 83-104. University of Michigan: Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies.
  • 1990. "The Power of Sacred Story: Ramayana Recitation in Contemporary North India," in Barbara A. Holdrege (ed.), Ritual and Power, a special issue of the Journal of Ritual Studies 4:1, 115-47.
  • 1990. "Ramayan: The Video." TDR (The Drama Review: A Journal of Performance Studies) 34:2 (T126), 127-76.
  • 1989. "Ram's Story in Shiva's City: Public Arenas and Private Patronage," in Sandria Freitag (ed.), Culture and Power in Banaras: Community, Performance and Environment, 1800-1980, 34-61. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
  • 1989. "The View from the Ghats: Traditional Exegesis of a Hindu Epic." Journal of Asian Studies 48, 272-88.